Belgium has one of the most highly developed economic systems the world. The impact of the nations geography, climate, and natural resources lead to this economic development.
Belgium has three geographical regions: the central plateau, the coastal plain, and the Ardennes highland. The central plateau us a gently rolling, slightly elevated area. Its irrigated by may water ways and contain a number of wide fertile valleys with a rich, alluvial soil, caves, grottoes, and ravines are found in parts of this area. Extending inland a out 15 to 48 kilometers is the central plateau along the northwest.
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Along the North Sea is a w-lying area consisting mainly of sand dunes and polders. Polders are section of land reclaimed from the sea and are protected by dikes. They were developed between the 13th and15th centuries. A flat pastureland lies inland and is drained by canals. The Ardennes highland, a densely wooded plateau, extends across southeastern Belgium and into northeastern France. The highest peak in Belgium is located here in Botrange. Schiede and meuse are the Chief rivers in Belgium. They both rise in France and are for the most part navigable throughout Belgium. The parts of Antwerp, Ghent, and Brussels are the principal waterways of Belgium. Belgium also has many tributaries.
Near the sea in Belgium the climate is mostly humid and mild. Most summers and cold winter alternate in the Ardennes region. The highlands are mostly confined to heavy rain. They have fog and drizzle too. The rain is mostly confine to April and November. The average temperature in Brussels at the center of the nation, ranges from –1 to 4 degrees Celsius in January and 12 to 23 degrees Celsius in July. On the cost of Oostende the average range is 1 to 5 degrees Celsius in January and 13 to 20 degrees Celsius in July. The yearly average of Brussels rainfall is a bout 34 inches. Precipitation in Oostende is about 24 inches.
The natural resources of Belgium are almost entirely of mineral. Coal was mined in abundance fore may years but more accessible supplies were exhausted and many mines have closed since the lat e 1950’s. Zinc, lead, copper, and manganese deposits are also exploited but are of little commercial significance. Some natural gas is also extracted.
Forming gages in only 3 percent of the labor force and an produces sufficient quantities to make Belgium a net food exporter. To move that possible, thy have rich alluvial soil to cultivate crops and they have livestock for dairy and meat production.
The forest’s wooded areas are mainly for recreational use But timber is need for Belgium’s paper industry. That’s another impact on dev development.
The Belgian chemical industry led the work in the production of cobalt and radium salts and also ranks high in the production of fertilizers and plastics.
The nonferrous-metals industry furnishes metallurgical, chemical, and other industries with a variety of metal like: copper, zinc, platinum, lead, uranium, and germanium. The bulk of the metal engages I the production of machinery, which is a great impact on the nation development.
In summary, Belgium’s geography, climate, and natural resources have a great impact to Belgium’s development. The result of the impacts led to the country being so highly developed is an issue to consider. Since 97 percent of the population is urban it is even more possible for such a development.
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