Psychological criticism is a generic name for all research efforts to establish literary phenomenon based on Freudian psychoanalytic theory, or theories by his disciples. In some of his works that touch the issue of creative writing and psychology of aesthetic experience (such as "Interpretation of Dreams", "The joke and the unconscious" or "poet and fantasy"), Freud gave great encouragement to this criticism.
Freud attempted to analyze the various symptoms (e.g., the inclination of some to certain reasons) and to share the light on unconscious factors in the creative process, though he was not inclined to think that it will transform his integral doctrine of analysis because he was aware that understanding which should create art is limited and could not fully explain the power of artistic creativity. For him, the artist is one who wishes and urges the exercise in fantasy and summarizes it in a special way. Media that are used allow adequate perception of the receiver.
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The most important contribution is the interpretation of the psychological mechanisms that relate to typical reactions such as spiritual riddles, humor, wordplay, events, and everything that lives outside of literature. Freud carefully analyzed the structure and methodic and gave examples of inductive procedure. The critical terms Freud used had larger aspirations to explain this critical artistic creation as a whole, as a complex composition of the pulses in the field. Commenting on the characteristics and actions of literary characters, assuming that psychogenic motivation is justified everywhere (e.g., in the so-called Oedipus complex), psychological criticism not distinguish quite clearly two distinct categories: the psychology of the artist and the psychology of the characters.
The analysis seeks to illuminate the rooms in the literary structure cited by the author and the author diagnosed citing figures while analyzing the confusing basic categorical differences. Similar gaps were in the recording method and interpretation of roles and the importance of dreams in literature, then the interpretation of the unconscious imagination, a phenomenon that has held since the early psychoanalytic criticism. The separation of all, the context of particular motives and individual motivations cause similar patterns in other times and cultures, the followers of the negligence of psychoanalysis integrity of the text due to speculation about the pervasiveness of libidinous symbolism.
Psychoanalytic critics characterize two orientations: remarkable traits interests of the author’s biography (resulting text is "patography" which at best interprets author’s personality, but says little about the causes of our interest in his/her works); and the second direction strives to accept supra-individual examples of various signs of artistic production and the methods of study that is built on general anthropology. Both literary work directions address how to transfer the periphery: the texts or author biography are regarded as sources of secondary importance to the announcement, the documentation for those who apply to work outside the literary field. In this sense, psychological criticism is a variant of positivism. Its interesting effects in artist hoax biography present him as a mythical creature.
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