How To Write Conclusion For A Research Paper
The summary or conclusion paragraph for a research paper should capture the content at a glance. A conclusion should have several key elements. A more effective conclusion for a research paper can be realized by applying several tactics to avoid a weak paper. You can play around with the following tips listed here below next time you will be writing a research paper to come up with a captivating conclusion. Now keep your mind open as we take you through the following tips.
How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper: The Basics
Restate the Topic
You should restate the topic briefly to outline why it is important;
Desist from spending too much space and time in restating the topic.
A well-written research paper pronounces the topic clearly and hence, time should not be wasted explaining the topic in your conclusion.
Commonly, a single sentence is enough to restate the topic
Example of a restated topic if writing a paper on a highly infectious disease such as cholera; you can put a statement like this, ‘Cholera is a highly infectious and widespread disease that affects tens of thousands of people in the world yearly.’
Another example when writing a paper on humanities about the Renaissance in Italy is, ‘Renaissance in Italy was an outpouring of ideas from artists, thinkers, and writers among others in Florence.’
Restate Your Thesis
It is crucial to rephrase your thesis statement as well to come up with a good conclusion paragraph for a research paper. Here are some tips when it comes to restating your thesis statement:
A narrowed focus on the topic is what comprises a thesis.
Make a rephrased statement from the thesis that you had used in the introduction. Make an alteration of the wording to create a small difference from your original sentence.
Try re-wording your thesis statement in a way that supports your topic-summary in the opening sentence of your conclusion.
Looking back on the example given earlier on the paper on Cholera, you can coin it as, ‘Cholera is a highly infectious and widespread disease that affects tens of thousands in the world yearly.’ The re-phrasing can be written as follows; ‘Due to an alarming rate of the spreading of cholera in the developing countries, medical practitioners are employing an elaborate and diagnostic approach in treatment and containment of the disease.’ (This version can make a good thesis statement).
Summarize Your Main Points Briefly
You should remind your readers what you had stated in the body of the research paper. A proper way to carry out this is to go through the topic sentence in each main paragraph or section of the paper. After doing so, get a way to restate each stated point briefly in the topic sentence of your conclusion.
Also, you should avoid repeating the details that are supporting your body paragraphs. In addition to the above, avoid writing new information to make your conclusion in most instances. This is necessary if the information is vital in the research or argument presented in your paper.
The example given earlier on the paper on Cholera can be re-phrased as, ‘Cholera is a highly infectious and widespread disease that affects tens of thousands in the world yearly.’ The re-phrasing can be written as follows;
‘Due to an alarming rate of the spreading of cholera in the developing countries, the medical practitioners are employing an elaborate and diagnostic approach in treatment and containment of the disease. Cholera spreads rapidly in such countries mostly from Africa and Asia due to poor sanitation and crowded slums. Campaigns to curb the spread and access to clean water is now being undertaken by experts spearheaded by the World Health Organization. The treatment is being hampered by multi-drug resistant strains, as the patient are non-compliant to taking medicine as advised by the medical experts.’
Add the Points Up
If your paper proceeds in a way that you have not categorically explained your significant points thoroughly, you can do that in your conclusion. You should consider the following points when doing so:
This is not necessary for research papers
The importance of your topic will come out by just restating your thesis, if you had clearly explained the significant points in your paper and what they mean. In that case, you do not need to go through them in great details in your conclusion.
Most details in your paper should be addressed in the body as a conclusion is supposed to summarize your argument for the reader and perhaps call his attention to a certain area which requires immediate action. This should be the best practice in research paper writing.
Call for Action If Need Be
If and when the need arises, for your readers to carry out more research on a topic, their attention should be drawn. Here are some tips to note when thinking about a call for action:
It should be noted that a call for action is not required in every conclusion. A literary criticism research paper, for example, is less likely to call the reader to action, than a paper on, ‘Effect of television on young children.’
A paper related to public matters or one on scientific issues like the example previously given on cholera that, it is a widespread disease and has strains that are drug-resistant and that its rate of spreading is high would invite a quick response.
A statement, such as, ‘In spite of new efforts to diagnose and contain the spread of cholera and the means to develop new antibiotics to curb the menace associated with drug-resistant strains,” suggests that the writer is likely to call for action in a research paper.
Answers to Likely Questions
The conclusion of what had been written in a research paper gives you an opportunity to explain better the issue you have been discussing. It is where you underscore the broader context and possibly help the reader to understand the main reason for the topic, just in case it was not clear or obvious to the reader. Example: If you are writing something to do with a history paper or, then you can explain why it matters even today. If you are writing about a foreign country, you can help the reader understand his country better by writing a research paper conclusion that relates to facts shared in your script.
Making Your Conclusion as Weighty as Possible
Do away with clichés such as, ‘In summary or conclusion.’ This is because they make your work lack flow hence making your research paper conclusion example appear unnatural.
Do Not State Your Thesis at the Conclusion
Many are tempted to state their thesis at the conclusion to appear dramatic but this ends up creating disharmony, and the paper looks disorganized and less cohesive. State the thesis at the beginning or your primary argument, for a research paper is not like a novel but it is more analytical as well as academic. The ideal practice is, to begin with, an introduction and state your primary argument end with a re-affirmation of your thesis to conclude.
Leaving Out New Ideas or Information
Any new information, idea, subtopic or crucial evidence should not be delayed until the conclusion. Every major piece of information or idea should be made known in the main body of the paper. All the supporting evidence should appear in the main body to make the work more detailed and expand your main argument in your paper. A conclusion for a research paper would, therefore, end up as a general remark.
A summary of what you intended the reader to achieve in your paper should make your conclusion. You can call attention for further research or action if need be but not bring up new facts or evidence in your conclusion.
The Tone of Your Paper
Avoid changing the theme of your research paper. When you give a sentimental or an emotional conclusion to a research paper, you end up affecting the tone of the script. Also, never indicate personal feelings in an academic paper even if the topic is of personal significance to you. If you approach a research paper on humanistic learning, you may end up with a story which portrays a personal anecdote to the reader. However, strive to make the paper consistent in all aspects as far as the tone is concerned.
Do Not Make Any Apologies
Avoid making statements where your authority or discoveries are downplayed. Examples of statements which portray apology include; ‘Though not an expert, my opinion is that.” Such statement does not augur well in a good conclusion for research paper because they are more informal than formal and research papers require formal language.
They can be avoided by not starting your statements in the first person tense because they give a generally informal piece which is a limitation when it comes to academic papers.
What to Avoid When Writing a Conclusion for a Research Paper
Failure to Be Brief and to the Point
The conclusion should be brief and to the point. Too lengthy conclusions, more often than not have unnecessary information. The conclusion should be a summary of insights, evaluations, implications and other analytical emphases as a summary of what you intend the learner to achieve from your research and hence, it should be concise.
Leaving Out the Main Issues and Commenting on the Lesser Ones
The introduction generally deals with the study of your topic on a lighter tone, leaving the in-depth details to the body. However, the conclusion should enable a reader to come from a general overview to a more concrete understanding of the research area and possibly bring the reader to a clearer and true picture of the research. This will enable him to have an analytical, specific implications, and the broad significance of the study.
Not Revealing Failures, Problems and Results that Are Negative
Drawbacks, negative aspects, challenges and problems experienced during the undertaking of the research should not be ignored. The findings that cannot be proved are important to be noted down in the report because they can provide the basis for further research. Any report that can be validated should be noted down on the result section and enable the researcher to discuss them when giving their implication on the discussion section. Their generation source should also be indicated. This is done so that the conclusion of your work can be qualified.
Lack of a Clear Summary of What Was Learnt
Your research paper should enable you to discuss it with ease and convince you that the research was of benefit to you in your study area and the world at large stand to gain from it. The conclusion should be in a position to summarize that in a single but clear statement. Problems encountered during the research should be captured in your last lines.
Failure of Your Research Matching With the Objectives
Details especially in social sciences, keep on changing from time to time. Any research done should, therefore, reflect the facts as they truly are. It is advisable to keep correcting the more delicate details as they emerge to avoid conflicting result to your research area or study. This can be achieved by going back to your introduction and refine your original objectives. Restate your objectives to portray the outcome if it has differed with your original thought.
If you are having problems with learning how to write a good conclusion for a research paper, then this the best guide for you. From some of the best strategies to use when writing research paper conclusions to the mistakes you should avoid making in your research paper conclusion, you can rest assured that the guidelines above will take your writing to the next level.
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